Jean Valjean – The chief protagonist and an ex-convict who struggled to redeem himself morally even after he transformed his life.
Bishop – The kind and generous bishop who gave Jean Valjean aid when everyone else refused him; and also protected him against the police when his silverware was stolen by Jean Valjean – which kindness act inspired Valjean to change his life.
Fantine – She was a working woman who got fired from her work for having a secret daughter, Cosette whom she gave up to the mercenary Thenardiers. Fantine represented society’s cruelty to the poor and its degradation of poor women.
Javert – A police inspector who was hell-bent on bringing Jean Valjean to justice, and one who committed suicide in the end for being torn between the law and his conscience.
Thénardiers – The cruel and money-grubbing family who bought Cosette from her mother and treated her poorly.
Cosette – The illegitimate daughter of Fantine who was bought by Valjean from the Thenardiers. She fell in love with Marius.
Marius – A student revolutionary who married Cosette, and one whom Valjean saved his life while fighting on the barricade.
Éponine – The daughter of the Thenardiers who fell in love with Marius and one who became jealous of his love for Cosette.
Enjolras – The leader of the secret revolutionary society composed of students and workers.